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Terlaner Rarity 1991

"Cantina Terlano has an unusual offering in the form of its Rarities, special editions of mature white wines that have been left to age on the lees in steel pressure tanks for at least ten years. This Rarity is a Terlaner with a youthful freshness that belies its maturity. That makes it perfect for a long period of aging in the bottle.

Terlano has the terroir to produce great white wines, as its Rarities so convincingly demonstrate."

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Wine

Provenance: Alto Adige - Italy
DOC Denomination: Alto Adige Terlano
Variety: 60% Pinot Bianco, 30% Chardonnay, 10% Sauvignon Blanc
Vintage:
1991
Yield:
40 hl/ha
Orientation: Southwest
Slope: 30 - 50 %
Altitude: 350 m a. s. l.

Vinification

Manual harvest and selection of the grapes; gentle whole cluster pressing and clarification of the must by natural sedimentation; slow fermentation at a controlled temperature in stainless steel tanks with malolactic fermentation and aging on the lees in big wooden barrels for 12 months; further aging on the lees in steel tanks without filtering or fining for 24 years.
Produced bottles: 3,330

Technical data

  • Alcohol content: 13.0 % vol
  • Residual sugar: 13.0 % vol
  • Total acidity: 1.3 g/l

Suggested glass

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Glass for an evolved white wine
Serving temperature: 12 - 14 °C

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  • Wine description

    Color: intensive light straw yellow with delicate greenish reflections
    Smell: Terlano’s 2003 rarity wine has an impressive freshness and a wealth of aromas, with new components revealed at every tasting, including herbal notes of camomile, lemon balm and lovage together with a hint of dried kaki and apricot. The multifaceted bouquet also displays aromas of bread crust and yeast bun paired with flint.
    Taste: The wine is smooth and creamy on the palate, with a strong acid backbone that leaves a both youthful and delicate impression and strikes a fine balance with the mineral components. The finish is elegant and silky, but also enormously deep and firm.

  • Vintage

    Although 1991 might be considered an unremarkable vintage, it actually has an outstanding potential for development. A cool and dry spring gave way to a period in late June and the whole of July that combined many hours of sunshine with adequate rainfall. That was followed by a very hot and dry late summer and, as of the end of September, a wet autumn, in which the challenge was to take advantage of the few dry days to harvest the grapes.

  • Aging

    Cool storage at constant temperatures, high level of humidity and as little light as possible
    Cellar temperature: 10 - 15 °C
    Excellent ageing potential > 10 years

  • Soil
    • The quartz porphyry bedrock is of volcanic origin.
    • The light, sandy-loamy soils are the foundation for naturally limited yields.
    • The soils have a 55-60% quartz content and a slightly acidic pH.
    • The minerally and distinctive wines are highly prized for their outstanding longevity.

    Soil samples taken from three different sites have revealed the presence of a subvolcanic body around Terlano, which differs in composition from the classic volcanic rock. The skeletal sandy loamy soils have a high quartz content. The absence of calcium carbonate explains the slightly acid pH values. These factors result in a high permeability to water, a limited nutrient supply and thus balanced growth with naturally limited yields. Exceptional soil conditions influence the terroir of Terlano, where the vines have developed a specific reaction to micro-stress and produce their own terroir-specific polyphenols, which give the Terlano wines their distinctive character. The result is particularly salty wines with great tension and depth. The special mix of crystals and minerals in the Terlano soils produces white wines whose unique longevity never fails to impress the world’s wine gurus.

  • Climate

    The high peaks of the main Alpine chain protect South Tyrol from the Atlantic winds and cold northerlies, while the region benefits from the Mediterranean climate from the south. Terlano has a remarkable microclimate, with pronounced differences in temperature between day and night caused by the cool downslope winds from the mountains.
    To the south, a number of mountain massifs like the Adamello also have a protective function. As a result, annual precipitation is only about one-third of the average for the southern Alpine foothills, and the number of hours of sunshine is higher. The climatic conditions are not unlike those to be found in wine-growing areas like the Swiss Canton Valais.
    When the sun rises behind the mountains east of Terlano on one of the year’s 300 sunny days, it is already high in the sky as the wine-growing area has a westerly to southwesterly exposure. The lower atmospheric density permits more direct solar irradiation with less diffuse sunlight. That increases the difference between the slopes on the sunny and shady sides of the valley.

    Microclimate in Terlano
    Continental climate (Cfa Köppen-Geiger)
    Annual sunshine hours: ø 2135
    Maximum temperatures: 38,2 °C
    Average temperatures: 12,9 °C
    Minimum temperatures: -10,7°C
    Annual precipitation: ø 600 - 700 mm
    Average global radiation: 150,1 W/m²
    Winds
    North foehn: cool and dry down-slope wind
    Ora: valley wind system from the south, bringing in air from the Po Valley